are mostly large, native trees that are
generally not used as new landscape plants. They
are one of the trees that develops a true tap
root which makes them difficult to transplant.
Most of these trees grow to around 60 feet in
height and can be rather messy since they drop
twigs, leaves and fruit in the wind.
flowers with the males borne in a
drooping, 3 branched catkin while the female
flowers are on terminal spikes. They open about
the same time as the leaves develop in April to
early May. The bony, hard-shelled nuts are borne
inside a 4 valved husk. In October, they ripen
and drop to the ground.