Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower, Hedge Coneflower, Slack Sampson, Purple Echinacea, Purple Rudbeckia
Eastern United States

Erect plant
2-4 feet by 2 feet wide
Heads solitary on stout terminal peduncles, rays purple, sometimes white, spreading or drooping disk flowers, brown cone.
Alternate, lower leaves ovate to broadly lanceolate, coarsely toothed, long-petioled, upper stem leaves narrower, nearly entire, sessile. Leaves are 4-8 inches long and dark green.
  • 'Abendsonne' - Used by Alan Bloom to produce seedlings from which he chose'Robert Bloom'.
  • 'Alba' - Cream-white flowers, seed grown selection.
  • 'Bressingham Hybrids' - light rose to red flowers.
  • 'Bright Star' - Bright rose-red, 2-3 inches, daisy-like flowers with maroon centers, plants 2-3 feet tall
  • 'Crimson Star' - Crimson-red flowers, 24-30 inches tall.
  • 'Robert Bloom' - Vigorous. free-branching plant, carmine-purple flowers with orange centers, plants are 2-3 feet tall.
  • 'Magnus' - Rosy-purple flowers with broad, non-drooping petals.
  • 'The King' - Coral-crimson flowers with maroon or brown centers. Now been superseded by better cultivars like 'Robert Bloom'.
  • 'White Lustre' - Coarse leaves and dull white rays, leaves tend to reflex, prolific bloomer.
  • 'White Swan' - White flowers, 2-3 feet tall.
Echinacea is derived from a Greek term for hedgehog, which apparently refers to the scales of the receptacles, which are prickly.


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