Grafting as a form of propagation is used for a wide variety of plants. There are may different techniques for grafting, but, perhaps the most common form used on ornamental landscape plants is called bud grafting or budding.

This technique involves removing a single bud from the scion plant and inserting it into a split in the bark of the stock plant. If the cambium layers of the two are properly aligned, they will grow together forming a single plant.

Budding is usually performed when the weather is warm and the bark of the stock will "slip" meaning that it is pliable. At this time, it can be moved without damaging the cambium layer just beneath it.

A T-shaped cut is made in the bark of the stock and the bark is gently spread apart. A single bud is removed from the scion plant and this small chip is placed into the split in the bark. Note: Make sure that the bud is inserted with the topside facing upward or it will not grow.

Once the bud is firmly in place and aligned with the cambium of the stock, it needs to be secured with either large size rubber bands or "budding bands" which are created specifically for that purpose. It is very important that the bud be held tightly to the stock for at least several weeks.

Note: We have provided some general information and observations on this topic aimed at the home gardener. Before you take any serious action in your landscape, check with your state's land grant university's Cooperative Extension Service for the most current, appropriate, localized recommendations.

 

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