Lily - Hardy Lily

This is a rather large genus with many species of bulb plants and a huge number of cultivated varieties. People get confused over the difference between the daylily (Hemerocallis) and the hardy lily (Lilium).

Daylilies are herbaceous perennials that have grass-like foliage and bear flowers that last just one day. Hardy lilies are bulb plants that produce a single stem which bears several blooms that are often fragrant and each flower lasts many days.

The pollen of Lilium is often orange or red and very oily while the sticky surface of the stigma of receptive lilies may exuced a clear liquid.

Classification of Lily Species and Hybrids - Care and Culture of Lilies





Lilium amabile Korean Lily
L. asiatica Asian Lily
L. auraturn Goldband Lily
L. bakeranum Baker Lily
L. bulbiferum Bulbil Lily
L. canadense Canada Lily
L. candidum Madonna Lily
L. cernuum Nodding Lily
L. concolor Morningstar Lily
L. davidii David Lily
L. formosanum Formosa Lily
L. henryi Henry Lily
L. humboldtii Humboldt Lily
L. longiflorum Easter Lily
L. martagon Martagon Lily
L. michiganense Michigan Lily
L. orientalis Oriental Lily
L. regale Regal Lily
L. speciosum Speciosum Lily
L. superbum Turkscap Lily
L. tigrinum Tiger Lily

Species Ease of
Hgt (ft) Flower
L. auraturn ME White 2-4 Bowl  
L. bakeranum MD Red-orange 3-4 Cup J,J
L. candidum E White 2-4 Trumpet June
L. formosanium ME White 4-6 Trumpet October
L. hernyi E Light orange 4-6 Nodding J,A
L. martagon MD Purple-red 3-4 Nodding July
L. philadelphicum D Orange-red 2-4 Erect J,J
L. pumilum E Coral-red 1-2 Nodding J,J
L. regale E White 4-6 Trumpet J,A
L. speciosum E White, red spots 4-S Nodding J,A
L. superbum E Orange 4-7 Nodding J,A
L. tigrinium E Orange, spotted 4-5 Nodding A,S
Ease of growth: E = easy, ME = moderately easy, MD = moderately difficult,
= difficult
Flower Time

A,S = August, September - J,A = July, August - J,J = June, July


* Guides and Keys are from the book "Herbaceous Perennial Plants A Treatise on their Identification, Culture and Garden Attributes" by Dr Allan M. Armitage of the University of Georgia. Varsity Press, Athens, Georgia. 1989 ISBN 0-942375-00. More on Dr Armitage and his other books.


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