There are about 400 species in this genus, most of which flower in early spring into the summer. Many primroses are adapted to moist conditions and mild climates. They often suffer in hot, dry conditions.

Care and Culture of Primroses











Primula auricula Auricula Primrose
P. beesiana Bee's Primrose
P. x bullesiana Bulle's Primrose
P. bulleyana Bulley's Primrose
P. burmanica Berman Primrose
P. capitata Purplehead Primrose
P. chionantha Snowblossom Primrose
P. clusiann  Clusius Primrose
P. cockbumiana Cockbum's Primrose
P. cortusoides Cortusa Primrose
P. denticulata Drumstick Primrose,
Himalayan Primrose
P. elatior Oxlip Primrose
P. florindae Tibetan Primrose
P. frondosa Balkan Primrose
P. helodoxa Amber Primrose
P. japonica Candelabra Primrose,
Japanese Primrose
P. juliae Julia Primrose
P. x kewensis Kew Primrose
P. malacoides Fairy Primrose
P. marginata Silveredge Primrose

P. mistassiniea

Dwarf Canadian Primrose

P. obeonica Top Primrose
P. parryi Parry Primrose
P. x polyantha Common Primrose

P. polyneura
(P. veitchii)

Veitch Primrose

P. x pubescens  
P. pulverulenta Silverdust Primrose
P. rosea Rose Primrose
P. sieboldii* Siebold's Primrose
P. sikkiniensis Sikkim Primrose
P. sinensis Chinese Primrose
P. spectabilis Showy Primrose
P. veris
(P. officinalis)

P. vialii
(P. litioniana)

Turkscap Primrose,
Littons Primrose

P. viscosa Clammy Primrose
P. vulgaris
(P. acautis)
English or True Primrose
P. Wulfeniana Wulfen Primrose
*Named for plant explorer, Philip von Siebold

Species Hgt
P. auricula 2-8 Umbel Moderate
P. denticulata 8-10 Globe Moderate
P. japonica 12-24 Umbels in tiers Critical
P. x polyantha 8-12 Umbel Low
P. sieboldii 4-8 Umbel Moderate
P. vulgaris 6-9 Solitary Low

* Guides and Keys are from the book "Herbaceous Perennial Plants A Treatise on their Identification, Culture and Garden Attributes" by Dr Allan M. Armitage of the University of Georgia. Varsity Press, Athens, Georgia. 1989 ISBN 0-942375-00. More on Dr Armitage and his other books.

Primula polyantha Primula kisoana Primula polyantha


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