Taxus baccata
English Yew
5 to 7  
Southern Europe, Northern Africa, Western Asia

Forms vary considerably in foliage color, texture and form from almost prostrate shrubs to are towering trees
30 to 60 high by 15 to 25 spread, however, many clones and cultivars of widely varying sizes.
Usually dioecious flowers arising from the axils of the leaves on the undersides of the branchlets of the previous year's growth.
March-April
Spirally arranged, spreading all around in erect shoots but appearing more or less 2-ranked on horizontal shoots or on plants grown in shade, linear, 1/2 to 1 1/4 long, 1/16 to 1/4 wide.
 
 
Branchlets surrounded at the base by brownish scales.
Red
Perhaps the key problem of members of the genus, Taxus is that they do not tolerate wet, poorly drained soils.
 
  • 'Adpressa' - originating in England - rounded bushlike habit, no main leader and small, blunt, evenly arranged leaves only about half the size of those of the species.
  • 'Adpressa Fowle' - Midget Boxleaf English Yew - Compact, stiffly branched form. Slow growing.
  • 'Aurea' - the leaves of this pistillate variety are yellow on the margins aad the tips but they turn green the second year. 8 feet tall
  • 'Cheshuntensis' - Narrow columnar form with small, blue-green needles.
  • 'Dovaslonian' - an erect tree with horizontal branches and pendulous branchlets.
  • 'Elegantissima' - male clone widespreading bush with branches more or less horizontal and leaves striped a pale yellow, later becoming whitish
  • 'Fastigiata' - Irish Yew, (T. baccata stricta), branches are upright, with the needles spread spirally about the twigs.
  • 'Fastigiata Aurea' - Golden Irish Yew - golden-leaved variety especially yellow on the undersurface
  • 'Lutea' - a golden-yellow fruited form similar to the species in every way except for the color of the fruit.
  • 'Nana' - Dwarf form less than 3 feet tall with a pyramidal shape.
  • 'Pendtula' - male clone erect habit and horizontal branches. The branchlets are long, graceful and pendulous and the leaves are a glaucous green
  • 'Pygmaea' - Very dwarf form only 15 inches tall.
  • 'Repandens' - Dwarf, wide spreading form about 2 to 4 feet tall. Hardy to Zone 5.
  • 'Standishii' - Similar to the Irish Yew but slower growing and smaller in size.
  • 'Summergold' - Golden foliage and semi-prostrate form.
  • 'Washingtonii' - noted for its yellow foliage and wide spreading habit without a particular leader.
 
 

 

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