Northern Africa is generally a very hot, dry environment, perhaps a little more difficult on plants that the rest of the Mediterranean area.  Many plant species were "discovered" by European plant explorers in this region and were then introduced to the rest of the world.

See Southern Africa or Total Africa

Within a genus of plants, some species may originate from one or several parts of the world. So, a plant listed here may also be "native" to other regions. Some plants that originated from Northern Africa include:

 

 
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