Before water pumps and hoses, of course, all irrigation was done by hauling water in containers from pails to fancy watering cans with beautiful roses on the spout. You can still water plants this way although it is generally practical only for very small gardens and containers on the back deck.

Note: We have provided some general information and observations on this topic aimed at the home gardener. Before you take any serious action in your landscape, check with your state's land grant university's Cooperative Extension Service for the most current, appropriate, localized recommendations.

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