Fagus sylvatica
European Beech
Central and Southern Europe

A stately tree with a short trunk and a densely pyramidal to oval crown.
50-60 feet tall with a spread of 35-45 feet
Leaves similar to F. grandifolia, except slightly broader, 2-4 inches long, with an undulating, entire margin.
Fall color, flowers and fruit are similar to F. grandifolia.
Buds are similar to F. grandifolia.
Bark is similar to F. grandifolia, except it is slightly darker in color.

  • 'Albo-variegata' - leaves variegated with white
  • 'Atropunicea' - Purple Beech has been known since 1680 and has been offered under the names of 'Atro­purpurea', 'Cuprea', 'Nigra', 'Purpurea', 'Riversii', 'Sanguinea' and 'Spaethiana'
  • 'Cuprea' - a form of 'Atropunicea' with young foliage a lighter reddish bronze, giving rise to the common name Copper Beech
  • 'Riversii' - purple-leaved form originating in the English nursery of Thomas Rivers before 1869 - young foliage is reddish but turns purplish later
  • 'Spaethiana' - keeps its deep purple color throughout the entire summer.
  • 'Fastigiata' - Dawyck Beech - fastigiate in habit
  • 'Grandidentata' - leaves with coarse teeth
  • 'Laciniata' - Cutleaf European Beech has narrow leaves often deeply cut to almost regularly lobed.
  • 'Pendula' - Weeping Beech, has several variations
  • 'Purpureo-pendula' - pendulous branches and purple leaves-the Weeping Purple Beech
  • 'Quercifolia' - oaklike foliage - Oak Leaved Beech - leaves narrow and irregularly toothed
  • 'Rohanii' - purple leaves very similar to those of 'Laciniata'
  • 'Rosea-marginatti'- purple leaves with an irregular light pink border.
  • 'Rotundifolia' - Roundleaf Beech - leaves are rounded - 50 feet tall with a branch spread of 42 feet branches are horizontal bul turned upward at the end, making a dense, beautifully branched pyramidal tree.
  • 'Tortuosa' - a flat top similar in general outline to that of Tsuga canadenis'Pendula'. Very slow growth


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