This is a genus that is still in debate by taxonomists around the world. Most agree to include about 175 species but there are another 30 or more that are in dispute as to whether they belong in the genus. Perhaps the key characteristic to help gardeners identify pines from other needled evergreens is that they bear their needles in groups of 2, 3 or 5 rather than having individual needles emerge directly from the stem as in the spruces (Picea) and firs (Abies).

Pines in the Home Landscape







Pinus aristata Bristlecone Pine
P. banksiana Jack Pine
P. bungeana Lacebark Pine
P. canariensis Canary Pine
P. caribaea Slash Pine
P. cembra Swiss Stone Pine
P. cembroides Mexican Pinyon Pine
P. contorta Shore Pine
P. contorta latifolia Lodge Pole
P. coulteri Big Cone Pine, Coulter Pine
P. densiflora Japanese Red Pine
P. flexilis Limber Pine
P. balepensis Aleppo Pine
P. jeffreyi  Jeffrey Pine
P. koraiensis Korean Pine
P. lambertiana Sugar Pine
P. mugo Mugo Pine
P. muricata BIshop Pine
P. nigra Austrian Pine
P. palustris Longleaf Pine
P. parvillora white Japanese Pine
P. patula Jelecote Pine
P. pinnster Cluster Pine
P. pinea Italian Stone Pine
P. ponderosa Ponderosa Pine
P. pungens Table Mountain Pine
P. radiata Monterey Pine
P. resinosa Red Pine
P. rigida Pitch Pine
P. sabiniana Digger Pine
P. strobus Eastern White Pine
P. sylvestris Scotch Pine
P. taeda Loblolly Pine
P. thunbergiana Japanese Black Pine
P. torreyana  Torrey Pine
P. virginiana Virginia or Scrub Pine
P. Waillehiana Himalayan Pine


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