Rosa centifolia is a species with very large, fragrant flowers in colors ranging from shades of reddish purple to pink often with darker center. They were first produced in Holland in the 1500s. The name means "hundred leaves" but is thought to refer to the very double blooms that have up to 100 petals. Rosa centifolia is also called the "cabbage rose" because the buds look like a cabbage before they burst open.

The plant range in height from 3-7 feet and the long canes may need support. They bloom once a year in spring to early summer.

This species is very susceptible to powdery mildew.

Moss roses came from a sport of this species.

 

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