This is a somewhat more recent type of roses that became popular in the 19th century. It is often considered the precursor of the "Modern Rose" including the Hybrid Tea roses and its heritage is not clear. Gallica, Noisette, Tea, Portland and Bourbon roses were used in repeated crosses to ultimately create the hybrid perpetuals.

These vigorous, hardy plants produce large, primarily double flowers. They bloom early in the summer and then again in autumn. Colors of these roses range from white to pink to maroon and they are usually very fragrant.

Some typical cultivars include 'Ferdinand Prichard', 'Mrs John Lang', 'Paul Neyron' and 'Reine des Violettes'.


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