Damask is defined as a material "...having
one set of warps and one set of wefts."
whatever that means. As far as the roses go,
these types originated in the
Mediterranean Region and may have been brought
Southern Europe by the Crusaders. It is a
small group of roses that are often
difficult to distinguish from similar types.
The primary species is Rosa damascena which has a single
bloom season in midsummer. A subspecies,
Rosa damascena semperflorens,
also has a second bloom in autumn. They have
fragrant double or semi-double flowers that
grow in large clusters. Generally, the
blooms range in color from pale pink to red.
The plants grow to about 3 to 7 feet in
height and are hardy on their own
cultivar 'Versicolor' is represented in the
York and Lancaster Rose symbol used to
signify the union of the the two royal
England. This occurred after the
War of the Roses in the late 15th century.